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Management and Leadership Paper

The aim of this paper is to analyze two concepts – management and leadership – and to differentiate them. Sometimes and even very often people think that these notions denote the same, though it is not always right. That is why in this paper we shall give the notions of a leadership and a management. Besides, we shall examine the role and responsibilities of leaders creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture.

Leadership and management

Leadership and management are two different notions that are very often used one instead of the other. Nevertheless, one should distinguish one definition from the other as they describe two different notions.

The main difference is the way managers and leaders influence people for a work. This is the characteristic feature that influences other aspects of activity.

In order to define the difference between leadership and management let us distinguish these two notions. So, leadership is placing a new direction for a group of people while management means controlling people or resources in a group adhering to the established principles and values.

Leadership is one side of management. It is only one among many qualities of a successful manager. One must be careful in distinguishing between these two concepts. A manager maximizes the turnout of the organization via administrative realization. In accordance with this the functions of a manager are the following: organizational, planning, staffing, directing and controlling.

Leadership is one of several significant parts of the directing function. A manager is not just a leader; he needs great authority with the staff in order to become effective. “For any quality initiative to take hold, senior management must be involved and act as a role model. This involvement cannot be delegated” (Predpall, 1994, p.30-31).

Besides, managers think of raising the productivity and thus, the benefit while leaders think radically. “Managers do things right, while leaders do the right thing” (Pascale, 1990, p.65). This denotes that managers clearly follow the instructions written in books and follow the organization policy. Meanwhile leaders rely upon their own intuition that maybe very effective to the organization. A leader makes conclusions from his emotions while a manager follows the book. The quotation – “Men are governed by their emotions rather than their intelligence” (Fenton, 1990, p.113) – illustrates why leaders are of greater need in a company than a manager.

“Leaders stand out by being different. They question assumption and are suspicious of tradition. They seek out the truth and make decisions based on fact, not prejudice. They have a preference for innovation” (Fenton, 1990, p.113).

People choose the leader by themselves that is why he is followed; his vision unites people behind him. Unlike the manager who does his job by ruling. In order to work as a manager one should diligently work on the company for years. This work is not the result of someone’s leadership qualities. A good manager is experienced enough in his field and he has worked his way up the company. A manager is familiar with all the elements of the whole system and the way it works. Besides, he can have a good technical knowledge.

A leader can be a newcomer in a company with new and fresh ideas. Sometimes he does not have any efficient experience in the field. So, it is obvious that managing and leading are two different ways of organizing the staff.

The manager comes to organization of people from a formal, rational position using methods described in a book. The leader unlike the manager uses his passion and intuition to fulfill the organizational function.

Sometimes, leadership is not required in a company. The fact that a leader is not always required makes us believe that leadership is just an asset and is not obligatory.

So, to sum up let us itemize the differences between management and leadership:

1) Leadership is a side of management;
2) Leadership is only one significant part of the directing function;
3) Managers think incrementally, while leaders think radically;
4) Managers follow the instructions written in books while leaders rely upon their own intuition;
5) The staff is often more loyal to a leader than to a manager;
6) The leader is followed while the manager rules;
7) A manager is familiar with all the elements of the whole system and the way it works.

Managing and leading are two completely different methods of organizing people. The manager uses a formal, rational method while the leader uses his passion and intuition.

In other words, the manager and leader focus the people’s energy within their company for achieving organizational goals. If we talk about the leader, he united people and leads them to achieve their goals, while managers use organizational power to effect and control the staff for achieving goals.


In order create and maintain a healthy organizational culture, a good manager or a leader should master the art of communication. There are several rules how to get sincere and warm relations:

1. To look in the face of your interviewer. The contact with help of eyes is very important. Look in the face of your interviewer with confidence. This will help to create the atmosphere of trust.
2. Be a good listener. “Be good listeners. Make others speak about themselves” (Carnegie, 1964, p.53). Active hearing is the best proof of approval. Once Dale Carnegie was invited to play in bridge. Among the guests was a woman who having found out about Carnegie’s trip across Europe asked to tell her more about it. She told that she has recently come back from a trip in Africa. Carnegie started asking her about it and her speech lasted 45 minutes. The woman did not ask about Carnegie’s trip any more. She wanted to have an attentive listener to tell him about herself. The secret of success in business conversation is attention to your interviewer.
3. Be confident in yourself. People want communicate with those who believe in themselves. “The true belief starts from the belief in yourself” (Spiegel, 2000, p.19).
4. Be honest and sincere. Keep you word, come in time. Acknowledge your faults. Respect other people then they will respect you.
5. Respect people. “Captiousness closes the doors. Goodwill opens them” (Spiegel, 2000, p.35).
6. Maintain a positive mood. “You represent what you think about yourself. Think about yourself only good” (Spiegel, 2000, p.64).


The given paper briefly analyzes the notions of a leadership and a management and the difference between them. It stresses the particular role of the principle role of a leader in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture for achieving organizational goals.
To sum up, this paper investigates organizing leadership and management in a company.


1. Lamond, David (2004). “A Matter of Style: Reconciling Henri and Henry.” Management Decision 42, no. 2, p.330–356.
2. Daniel. F. Predpall (1994), “Developing Quality Improvement Processes In Consulting Engineering Firms”, Journal of Management in Engineering, pp 30-31, May-June.
3. Fenton J. (1990), “101 Ways to Boost Your Business Performance”, Mandarin Business, p. 113.
4. Pascale R. (1990), “Managing on the Edge”, Penguin Book, p. 65.
5. Carnegie D. (1964), How to Win Friends and Influence People: Simon and Schuster. New York.
6. Spiegel J. (2000), Flirting for Success, New York. Can Write an Essay on Management and Leadership!

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